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Category: Worldwide

Best Fermented Foods from Around the World

Fermented foods have become popular again in recent years, largely due to health conscious individuals.

While Kimchi and Kombucha may have developed a new following in the west, fermented foods have been an integral part of communities across the globe.

Archeological evidence points out to fermentation being one of the oldest methods of food preservation. Its history dates back to the beginning of agriculture. From China and Fertile Crescent to Africa and Americas, vegetables, meat, fish, dairy, grains and fruits have been fermented into food and beverages.

Fermented processes were likely developed by women through trial and error. Food was not just preserved for winter, droughts or migration, but because these were considered as healing medicine beneficial to the body.

Fermented foods play an important role in gut health and growth of good bacteria. A study in Tanzania showed that gruel made with fermented grains reduced incidence of diarrhoea in children by 33%.

When you ferment grains and certain tubers, you reduce anti-nutrient compounds and increase absorption of vitamins. Active bacteria, yeast and mound cultures turn these foods into rich sources of Vitamin K, A, B12, thiamine, niacin, and protein-building acids like lysine and methionine.

Every region has at least one unique dish as a part of its cultural heritage. This food guide brings you unfamiliar foods other than yoghurts, sauces, pickles and cottage cheese.

(And if you want to learn how to make some of these foods yourself, check out The Art of Fermented Foods, the online course with the Chef Mirna Bamieh)

Fermented foods from Asia

1. Kimchi – Korea

A Korean meal is incomplete without kimchi. Considered a national heritage, this fermented food has been prepared by families from the 7th century. Cabbage and other vegetables are cultured in their own juices/brine along with spices for 4-15 days.

2. Cheonggukjang/Doenjang – Korea

Source: James

Fermented soybean is blended into paste which is used to add flavour to different dishes. Cheonggukjang is a thinner paste that contains whole soybean, while Doenjang is a thicker and smoother paste.

3. Natto – Japan

This popular Japanese fermented dish is made with soybean and has powerful anti-inflammatory properties.

4. Miso – Japan/Korea

When a fungus (koji) meets soybean, salt and brown rice/barley, you get miso. This is said to have anti-ageing properties. Drink up your miso soup next time you’re at an Asian restaurant.

5. Tempeh – Indonesia

When live mold is added to soybean and left to ferment for 1-2 days, the resultant food is the cake-like tempeh.

6. Nem Chua – Vietnam

Source: Ron Diggity

Add New

Parts of lean pork are finely ground or boiled. These are mixed with roasted and powdered rice, salt, spices and covered with herbs. The mixture is then tightly wrapped in banana leaves and allowed to ferment.

7. Douchi/ Doubanjiang/Mianchi – China

Source: Food Mayhem

Douchi is a culinary paste made with fermented black beans, while Mianchi is fermented white beans. Doubanjiang is widely used in Sichuan cuisine and is made from fermented broad beans. This spicy paste also contains soybean, rice, salt, spices and sometimes, red chili.

8. Bagoong – Philippines

Source: Helga Webber

The fish sauce is made by fermenting salted fish or shrimp. When salted anchovies are fermented, you get Bagoong monamon.

9. Puto – Philippines

Source: Krista

This is steamed cake is made with fermented glutinous rice. Rice is soaked in water for 1-3 days and blended to a smooth batter. There are many variations of Puto which is usually eaten with coconut and butter.

10. Chin Som Mok – Thailand

Source: Takeaway

Pork (with skin) is fermented with glutinous rice. This is then wrapped in banana leaves and grilled.

11. Idli – SriLanka/ India

Source: Sakurako Kista

This south Indian breakfast dish has become popular across India. Rice and black bean are ground into a smooth batter. Batter is fermented overnight, steamed in special plates, and served with chutneys and sambar.

12. Dhokla – India

Source: Deapesh

Another steamed dish made with fermented batter, Dhokla is an essential breakfast food in Gujarat. Fermented batter contains chickpea flour, salt, spices and rock salt. The steamed cakes are served with hot and sweet chutneys,

13. Cahgem Pomba – India

Source: E-Pao

This healthy and delicious curry from Manipur is made with greens like spinach, mustard, dill, fenugreek, herbs like cilantro, and fermented soybean.

14. Jalebi – Pakistan/Nepal/India

Source: Risabh Mathur

This deep-fried dessert is made with fermented wheat batter. The translucent jalebis have a sweet-sour taste thanks to the sugar and bacteria culture.

15. Kombucha – China/Russia/Ukraine/Vietnam/Korea/Japan

A fermented concoction originated in Russia and Ukraine and is made with black tea, sugar and bacteria and yeast cultures. Sugar sources include honey, cane sugar or fruits. Use the same Kombucha starter to create fresh batches. The longer you ferment, the better the beverage.


Fermented foods from Africa


16. Injera – Ethiopia/Eritea

Source: Serene Vannoy

This national dish is fermented bread made with an ancient grain and a gluten-free alternative – Teff. The spongy bread with a tangy flavour is dunked into stews and eaten.

17. Togwa/Mahewu/Mabundu – Tanzanian/Zimbbawe/Africa

This fermented beverage or watered-down gruel is made with sorghum (chimera), finger millet, maize and cooked cornmeal (sazda) in a clay pot. The porridge is covered and placed in the sun for 2-3 days to ferment. It is drunk plain or with a little sugar.

18. Furundu/Ogiri– Sudan/Nigeria/West Africa

Source: Chnez blog

Sesame seeds are fermented with salt and water and pressed into cakes with a texture similar to tofu or miso. In Sudan, red sorrel seeds and Kawal leaves are fermented in the same way.

19. Garri/Gari – Nigeria/Ghana/Cameroon/Sierra Leone/West Africa

Source: David Hdez

Peeled and cubed Cassava roots are crushed into a pulp and excess water is drained out. The dried pulp is cooked in a large pot without or without palm oil to become the granular Garri. This is also pounded into a flour

20. Kenkey/Koneke/Dorkinu- Ghana/Guyana/benin/Togo/Jamaica

Source: Juxtapose^esopatxuj

This staple dish is essentially a sourdough dumpling made with corn or maize. Flour is fermented for a few days before the dough is wrapped in banana leaves and steamed. Other items like plantain, sweet potato, cassava, coconut or pumpkin are added to fermented dough in local variations of the recipe.

21. Dawadawa/Iru -Senegal/Uganda/Nigeria/West Africa

Source: Carsten ten Brink

Locust beans, fruit pulp and seeds, of the native tree, are fermented. These are pressed into balls or cakes (Dawadawa) and add to soups or a condiment. Iru is dried dawadawa flattened into discs.


Fermented foods from Americas


22. Sourdough Bread – Europe/ US

Different flours are mixed with wild yeast and water and baked into spongy breads with a distinct sour taste.

23. Poi – Hawaii/Polynesia

Source: Wikipedia

This fermented food is made from plant stems of taro. This is mashed and steamed or cooked into a thick liquid or dough-like paste.

24. Atole agrio – Mexico

Source: Marden Nolasco

A dough made with black maize is fermented for 4-5 days before becoming a tasty porridge. Bread is made from fermented maize dough in Peru(Tochos) and Brazil (Jamin-bang).

25. Curtido – El Salvador

Source: DLC

This is similar to kimchi and sauerkraut. This is a relish made with fermented cabbage, onions, carrots and, sometimes, lime juice.

Fermented foods from Europe


26. Kefir – Eastern Europe

Source: Wikipedia

A healthy beverage is obtained by adding kefir grains to milk and allowing it to ferment for 12 hours. Kefir grains are yeast and bacteria cultures that resemble clumps of cooked rice.

27. Sauerkraut –  Across  Europe

This fermented food, similar to Kimchi, is said to originate in China, but is a part of German and East European cuisine. One of the oldest traditional foods in which fresh cabbage pieces are left to ferment in its own juices or brine (salt water) for 3-4 weeks. The relish is added to many national dishes like Polish Bigos and Czech Vepřo-knedlo-zel.

28. Crème fraiche – France

Sour cream is obtained by fermenting with lactic acid bacteria. Crème fraiche is used in hot or dessert sauces, as salad and soup toppings, and in desserts.

29. Smetana – Central/Eastern Europe/Russia

Source: Iban

This sour cream is similar to crème fraiche. Milk cream is cultured by naturally occurring or introduced lactic acid bacteria. It is used as garnish in dishes like Borscht, Blini, salad and dumplings.

30. Kisela repa/ Sauer ruben – Croatia/Eastern Europe

Source: Chef Mema

Turnip shreds are fermented in a mixture of salt and water. This is eaten either as a side dish or added to soups and salads.

31. Kiviak – Greenland

Source: Orrazz

This Inuit food is made by fermenting auks (small birds). These birds are preserved in the hollowed out body of a dead seal and buried in the ground.

32. Hakarl – Iceland

Source: Audrey

This is a dish made with shark meat. The meat is fermented, hang up and left to dry. It is cubed and served with other food.

33. Kvass – Russia

Source: Bernt Rostad

This non-alcoholic beverage is made from rye bread that is stale. Loaves are added to a container with salt, water, yeast and sugar and left to ferment for 2-3 weeks. It is popular in Russia as a digestive tonic. In Ukraine this is made with beet and used in soups and vinaigrettes.

Fermented foods from Middle East


34. Kushuk/Tarkana/Tarhanas – Iran/America/Greece/Central Asia/Eastern Europe

Source: MRG90

The dried fermented food is made with cracked wheat flour, sour milk or yoghurt, salt, spices, tarhana herb, and groats. After fermentation, the mixture is dried and coarsely ground. Cooked vegetables are added in variations. Kushuk is turned into a nourishing soup with addition of water, stock or milk.

35. Torshi /Tursu – Iran/Turkey/Morrocco/Middle East

Source: Baha’i Views / Flitzy Phoebie

Vegetables are fermented in brine that also contains aromatic herbs, spices and vinegar. The ingredients include celery, carrots, cauliflower, bell peppers, cabbage, aubergines and green tomatoes. This is then paced in glass jars and stored in a cool place for 2-3 months.

36. Doogh – Iran/Syria/Lebanon

Source: Jason Lam

This cold fermented drink is basically yogurt, salt and water. It is also a national drink of Turkey and called Ayran there. You’ll find variations of this beverage in Armenia, Afghanistan, Balkan regions, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

37. Shanklish/Surke – Syria, Lebanon, Egypt

Source: Charles Haynes

This fermented cheese is made from cow or sheep’s’ milk. It is turned into balls, covered with spices like aniseed, red chilli, Aleppo pepper and za’atar, and then dried and aged. The hardened cheese is eaten as a side dish, added to eggs, or as pita bread topping.


How many of these traditional fermented foods have your tried? Do you have a fermented food story to share with us?

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10 Healthy Gluten-Free Flours

Who doesn’t like freshly baked bread or a homemade pie? Food blogs are full of tempting pastry pictures, but health and fitness experts are constantly warning us about the dangers of refined wheat and baked treats. Finding a way to enjoy your favourite foods and avoiding any health harms might not be easy, but it is possible – just give a try to alternative products, which you are not used to!

There are plenty of different types of flour, which can be used as an alternative to wheat flour. All of them have different properties and might give a new twist to your regular dishes, or even inspire you to try something completely new!

1. Bird cherry flour

Bird cherry flour is the most underrated of all flour types and it might be difficult to come by. It has a unique taste with the notes of blueberry and almonds and it is an irreplaceable ingredient for desserts. It is used for dough (you need to mix it with other types of flour), or as a part of pie fillings.

Bird cherry flour is nothing else but finely ground dry berries. It has three times less calories than wheat flour, but much more minerals and vitamins, including iron, magnesium, Vitamin C and carotin. It is used not only for baking and pancakes, but also for preparation of healthy drinks and light liquors.

2. Chestnut flour

Finely ground chestnut is a wonderful gluten-free alternative for wheat flour. It has a slightly sweetish taste which makes it a fantastic ingredient for healthy baked treats.

70% of chestnut flour are easily digested carbohydrates and it contains potassium, magnesium and phosphorus, and its nutritional profile is close to rice or potatoes. It works best for baking bread, cupcakes and pancakes. The most famous dish prepared with chestnut flour is an Italian Tuscan cake castagnaccio.

3. Sesame flour

Everyone knows sesame seeds and sesame oil, and a sesame brittle is a famous dessert around the world, but very few people are familiar with sesame flour. It has a slightly nutty flavour and it is packed with minerals: it is the biggest plant-based source of calcium after poppy seeds.

Sesame flour is widely used for coating, baking, preparations of porridge and salads, as well as a simple dessert with honey and jam.

4. Pea and lentil flour (green pea flour, chickpea flour etc.)

The health benefits of legume family are indisputable. It has a rich nutritional profile, with the high content of protein and healthy fats. The application of pea flour is extremely broad: it is used for bread, porridge, cutlets, pastry, and even noodles.

This type of flour is perfect for weight-conscious. It improves digestion (if cooked properly) and can serve as a great substitute for meat products. You can get more ideas for cooking legumes in our latest (free) lentil recipe ebook

5. Corn flour

Corn flour has been a staple ingredient in South America for centuries. Despite a high amount of calories and fats, it is easy to digest and it lowers cholesterol levels.

Corn flour can be coarse-grained or fine-grained: the first type is used for bread-baking, and the second type if the best ingredient for elegant desserts. It can also be used for thickening of porridges and cream soups, as well as for preparation of noodles.

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16 Best Gifts for Wine Lovers

16 Best Gifts for Wine Lovers

Christmas is a wonderful time of the year, but it can also become quite stressful, especially when you have to find perfect gifts for your entire family and friends. Luckily, if your loved ones appreciate good wine and call themselves wine connoisseurs, there is a great variety of useful or just funny gifts for them (and no, we are not talking just about a regular bottle of good wine).

Discover our list of 16 best gifts for wine lovers!


1. Electric Wine Opener

Available here

A cordless electric wine bottle opener with a nice modern design is a gorgeous accessory. It will be really useful during the busy Christmas time and will allow to remove corks very fast, without much effort.


2. Personalized Wine Glasses

Available here

There are many nice wine glasses, but only personalized ones are really unique. What is written on the glass is only limited by your own imagination!


3. Elegant Decanter

Available here

A wine decanter is an essential accessory to have in a home wine bar. It adds class to the wine serving and will definitely make the wine taste better.


4. Online Wine Course

Become a wine expert in 3 days

Available here

If your friends love wines and talk a lot about it, they are ready to make the next step and learn how to choose, drink, serve and pair wines with food like a professional sommelier. The online course format is an easy way to do it and is a wonderful gift.


5. Fancy Bottle Stoppers

Available here

Stoppers seal wine bottles, helping preserve the wine for a few days. You can choose Christmas theme, your friend favourite movie heroes shape or just elegant modern design for it.


6. Wine Thermometer

Available here

Wine thermometer makes it easy to chill a bottle of wine or champagne to just the right temperature.


7. Voucher for a Wine Tasting

Available here

Every wine lover likes to visit vineyards and taste new wine types, especially when traveling abroad. You can buy a Wine Tasting Voucher, which will allow your friend to attend a wine tour or a wine tasting of their choice.


8. Wine Chiller

Available here

This strangely shaped gadget is the Corkcicle Wine Chiller – it keeps wine at the perfect temperature. You should just freeze it and place in your wine bottle. The wine chiller can be washed and reused. One of the best gifts for wine lovers!


9. Wine Tasting Kit

Available here

A set of mini wine carafes and a slate wine flight board will help your friends to create an atmosphere of a professional wine tasting at home! You can also pair this gift with an online course, where you can learn how exactly to organize a wine tasting.


10. Books about Wine

Available here

If your friend wants to know more about wine including its history, types and food pairings, books are a good place to start. You can consult our list of Best Books about Wine for Amateurs.


11. Unusual Wine Glass

Available here

Wine glasses or carafes in a funny shape are always a good idea for a Christmas gift. For example, this giant wine bottle glass will definitely be a great gift for the wine lover in your life!


12. Wine Glass Markers

Available here

Wine glass markers are very useful for all kinds of parties and events. They make an excellent hostess gift, as well as a nice thing to offer to a friend during Christmas.


13. Wine Chilling Pearls

Available here

Extremely chic little stainless steel pearls to pop in a freezer or drop in a drink to keep wine and cocktails chilled. These cubes are a nice alternative to ice cubes, which can water down your drink.


14. Sparkling Wine Making Kit

Available here

Instead of opting for pricey prosecco or champagne, wine lovers can turn Chardonnay grape juice into a sparkling wine with this DIY kit.


15. Magic Wine Bottle Holder

Available here

The Lasso Wine Bottle Holder is one of the most eye-catching wine accessories ever. It is destined to become one of the most talked about items in your friends home.


16. Wine Cork Map

Available here
Turn your wine corks into the ultimate home decor with a wine cork map. A great gift for any wine lover!



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Top 20 Wine Blogs

Top 20 Wine Blogs to Follow in 2018

In an ideal world, how would your day end?

  • With a glass of your favourite wine and some soft music floating through
  • Curling up under the warm sheets after spending a day exploring vineyards
  • Searching books or websites for the next wine varietal to taste

If you’ve said a silent yes, then you’ll probably enjoy reading what comes next. We are taking you on a journey that involves fermented grapes and everything else connected to it.

Remember our Top Food and Travel Bloggers List? We’ve attempted something similar, but this time the spotlight is on wine enthusiasts, experts, connoisseurs, tasters, writers, and travellers.

The bloggers on the list talk about a lot more than wine reviews. They narrate travel and food stories, tantalise you with their images, share their knowledge about wines, and provide an insider’s view on the wine industry.

1. Tim Atkin

Author – Tim Aktin and guest contributors 

Tim’s site is unique in that it showcases music and wine pairings. Apart from this, the Master of Wine and his guest writers review wines, producers and regions. You’ll also find opinion pieces on tasting and wine investments, special reports, videos and recipes.


Author– Jon Thorsen

Along with suggestions on finding budget-friendly wines, this wine drinker and blogger posts wine reviews and adventure stories from his travels.

3. Matt Walls

Author – Matt Walls

This UK wine lover wants to educate you on choosing the best wine for every occasion and how to taste like a wine expert. There are wine and winery reviews for those who like that sort of stuff.


Authors – Alder Yarrow and contributors

Wine expert Alder, wears many hats including author, columnist and speaker. He and team post articles related to wines including reviews, commentary, industry news, places to dine, and wine books to read.


Author – Jamie Goode

This award-winning wine journalist from UK reveals his love and knowledge of wines with travel and tasting notes, pictures and book reviews. One of the best wine blogs for both wine geek’s and novices.


Author – Natalie Maclean

This Canadian blogger rates and reviews wines she has tasted and helps readers pair the best wines with food recipes.

7. Grape Wall Of China

Author – Jim Boyce

Jim Boyce has been covering the Chinese wine scene from 2007 and his site includes tasting notes, industry news, and expert interviews

8. The Wine Doctor

Author – Chris Kissack

if you wan tan insider view of the tow of France great wine regions – Bordeaux and Loire Valley, bookmark this blog. There is something for everyone from producer profiles, tasting notes to book and restaurant reviews.


Author – Caro Jensen and Emily Camblin

Sipnzwine covers the New Zealand wine scene. You’ll find guides on wines, vineyards, best regions, wine events and even info on wine bars.

10. Wine Explorers

Author – Jean-Baptiste Ancelot

This site journals Jean and his team’s wine travel project spanning 92 countries and 250 wine growing regions. You’ll find travel anecdotes, wine tasting experiences, and vineyard reviews among other gems.


Author – Andrew Graham

A wine judge on the side, Andrew talks about Australian wine in particular, although he reviews wines and beers from other regions on his site.

12. The Wine Siren

Author – Kelly Mitchell

Do you want to know the complex process that involve both wine making and cooking? Kelly explorer the world of wine, farming-to-table stories, and the people behind it all.

13. Wine Peeps

Authors – Kori and Colby Voorhees, John and LaGayle Sosnowy

This is the place for readers who want to know more about inexpensive wines, their taste and flavour, and where to find them. The authors post the results of their blind wine tasting sessions, along with travel notes that revolve around wines.


Author – Ted Lelekas

Ted’s goal is turn this site into the ultimate destination on Greek wines and wineries. You’ll find vineyard reviews, news, tips, and business listings here.

15. Around The World in 80 Harvests

Author – Amanda Barnes

What to do some armchair wine travelling? Join Amanda and her team as they travel across the globe exploring wineries, vineyards, and of course, tasting unique wines along the way.


16. Vindulge

Author – Mary Cressler

In addition to running an event and catering business, this writer and sommelier posts interesting food recipes and their wine pairings on her blog. You’ll find some travel stories in there too.

17. Provence Wine Zine

Authors – Susan Newman Manfull and others

This wine blog is the brainchild of an American Journalist who traces her love for Provence and wines to her French roots. Susan focuses on wines from this region along with food pairing tips, wine news and guides.

18. Wine Terroirs

Author – Bertrand Celce

Bertrand Celce, French photographer, writes about his country’s wine routes, dining spots and wine trivia. You find interesting images and stories about vineyard and winery visits, and the people involved.

19. Wine Wankers

Authors – Conrad And Drew

If you’re looking for wine infused sartorial notes, head to this site. The Aussie duo (who own it) have a humorous take on wine which is reflected in their travel stories, tips, guides and reviews.

20. Wine Camp

Author – Craig Camp

This blog is about Craig’s life as a winemaker. Along with his vineyard photography, the blogger tells his story of making natural wines in Oregon.

Did you enjoy this round-up of wine blogs? Ready to embark on your own wine tasting and hosting adventure?

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Natural Food Coloring – Healthy Alternatives from Traditional Kitchens

Mother nature, the original painter and chemist, has inspired countless humans with her vibrant coloured plant and animal life.

Our ancestors imbibed these qualities and borrowed from her treasure trove to create their own natural dyes. Their search for colours had a simple goal – to hide food imperfections, and turn plain meals into something attractive and appetising.

While they used safe ingredients like flowers, fruits, spices and vegetables as food colour, some harmful ores and minerals were also added to food in the ancient world.

With the discovery of synthetic dyes, natural ingredients lost their colourful place in the food table for over a century. Health concerns have once again forced people to search for better alternatives to artificial and toxic food dyes. While natural colours aren’t as vibrant as artificial food colours, they are safer.

If you want to imitate traditional food practices and enjoy associated health benefits, you’ll find many natural colouring agents from spices to flowers.

Vegetable Dyes


Carrot juice or pulp provides a rich yellow or orange hue to soups, smoothies, desserts, curries and baked food. The sweetish flavour makes it an ideal food colour for pastries and desserts. Are you longing for some carrot cake?


Another root vegetable with a sweet flavour, beet adds a red tinge to cooked food and a pinkish hue to baked goods, including cupcakes. To add a bluish shade to your dish, mix beet with milk.

Red Cabbage

Red cabbage has been traditionally used by the Chinese to add colour to their dishes. When red cabbage is boiled in water, this juice adds a rich blue colour to your food.

Purple Yam/Ube

Image Courtesy – Adventure girl horizons

This tuber is used in Philippines to colour everything from ice creams to baked goodies in varying shades of purple. The slightly sweetish tasting vegetable makes a good addition to desserts and pastries.

Spinach and parsley

Thanks to their mild flavour, the greens are used as natural colourants in a variety of spicy, tangy or savoury foods. While you can use other leafy greens to get the bright green tint, the strong flavours can be overpowering.

Fruit Dyes


Pomegranate seeds

Pomegranate juice provides a vibrant shade of red to dishes ranging from smoothies to salads and soups.


This citrus fruit doesn’t impart a colour on its own. When combined with other natural foods, the acidic content in lemon helps preserve the red colour in baked foods.

Orange and Tangerine

The rinds of these citrus fruits are used to give foods a reddish-orange hue.

Purple Grapes

Apart from their use in wines, this grape variety add a rich purple shade to many foods from desserts to jams.

Berries and cherries

With their vibrant colours, berriesin their cooked, blended or baked avatars are perfect natural colourants for different dishes. Use blackberries, mulberries and blueberries to get purple or violet shades, strawberry and cranberries for pink, or raspberries and cherries for red. The berry colours are best represented in juices, smoothies and no-bake desserts.

Chokeberry/Aronia Berry

This North American native fruit provides a pinkish-red or bright red colour to jellies, cookies, candies, and beverages.

Herb Hues


Galium Verum/Lady’s Bedstraw

Image Courtesy – Bjorn S

Flowering stems of this perennial plant were traditionally used to make both red and yellow coloured food dyes. Did you know that this plant can be used as rennet to make cheese or its seeds as a coffee substitute?

Bixa Orellana

Image Courtesy – Leonardo Ré-Jorge

Dried seeds of this bush were used by native American from Incas to Aztecs to add a yellow tinge to different foods.

Colourful Spices



This root spice has been used for centuries to impart a rich yellow shade to everything from curries and sides to pilafs and beverages. A little goes a long way whether you use turmeric in powder or root form.


One of the oldest-in-use and expensive spices in the world, saffron imparts a brilliant yellow-orange tinge to food. Add a few strands to warm milk or water and let it stand for 5-10 minutes. Brighten up your rice dishes, creamy gravies, marinades. stews or desserts with saffron.


If you’ve wondered how some Indian, Caribbean and Asian curries get their bright red colour, the answer lies with paprika. Depending on the amount used, this chilli colours your food in different shades of red.

Kashmiri chillies

Image Courtesy – aziatische

While the red effect is not as pronounced as with paprika, Kashmiri Chilli powder is natural food dye for sensitive stomachs. You can use a bit more than paprika as the heat content is much lower in this version of chilli.


This spice has been used from ancient times by various cultures to provide a brownish shade and sweet flavour to plain foods.

Flower Power


Marigold/ Calendula

Use Marigold flowers for adding yellow, orange or red shades to continental foods. The petals are used as substitutes for saffron in colouring cheese, risotto and soups.


This was often the common man’s alternative for saffron. The dried flowers provide a reddish hue compared to dark yellow-orange colour obtained from fresh ones.


Another flower used as one of popular natural colourants, hibiscus gives a reddish tinge to beverages and teas.

Red Roses

Crushed red roses provide a vibrant pink-red colour to any dish of choice. This natural agent is mostly used in gourmet food and sweet dishes.

Animal Food Dyes


Squid Ink

To add a black colour to pasta and rice, many cooks continue to use squid ink.


Image Courtesy – Frank Vincentz

An ancient food dye used by Native Americans and Egyptians, this is derived from dried female insects – Coccus cacti. You can add red, pink or magenta shades to your food.

Orchella Weeds (Lichen)

This lichen variety provides a violet colour when boiled. Old French cookbooks mention this fungus as a natural dye for adding colour to wine and confectionery. When you combine this with an acid, you get a red shade. For blue hues, add an alkali.

Have you used any of these natural food dyes? Share your favourite recipes with us!

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21 Inspirational Movies about Food and Chefs

Food and movies appeal to your main senses. One uses flavour, aroma and touch to captivate you, while the other captures your imagination with vision and sound.

When you combine these two themes, you get something surprising and dynamic. A good food movie lets you enjoy the visual feast, even as it showcases different realities in people’s lives.

If you’re in the mood for some soul-searching or romance the foodie way, this guide offers a buffet of 21 movies. This could change the way you feel about food, love and life.

1. Big Night by Stanley Tucci & Campbell Scott (1996)

Available here

Italian food, bickering siblings, floundering family restaurant, and the one celebrity meal. This movie has all the right elements to move its audience. You’ll be craving some carb food at the end of it.

2. Haute Cuisine (Les Saveurs du Palais) by Christian Vincent (2012)

Available here

Based on the true story of a chef from a small French town who joined the Presidential kitchen. The plot is as much about the elegance of French cuisine as it is about a lady who carves a place for herself in the male bastion.

3. Who Is Killing the Great Chefs of Europe? by Ted Kotcheff (1978)

Available here

Unlike family, romance or fun themed movies in the list, this is a mystery-thriller. A food critic tries to track the killer behind explores a series of murders of master chefs, before time runs out.

4. Like Water for Chocolate by Alfonso Arau (1992)

Available here

A magical realism movie that showcases the power of food over anyone one who eats it. A parallel track revolves around the young girl who cooks these intense meals and her forbidden love.

5. The Hundred-Foot Journey by Lasse Hallstrom (2014)

Available here

Based on a bestseller novel, this movie explores various concepts like people’s opposition to new ideas and how multiculturalism elevates cooking to a new level. When French cuisine meets Indian, there is bound to be fireworks.

6. Eat Drink Man Woman by Ang Lee (1997)

Available here

A touching story of a Taiwanese chef-father stuck in a traditional world and his modern, strong-willed daughters. He tries to find common ground with his three children over extravagant Sunday dinners.

Lee’s Chinese movie inspired spinoffs including Tortilla Soup (2001) and Soul Food.

7. Soul Food by George Tillman Jr. (1997)

Available here

This one takes a slightly different route with an African American setting. It has three married sisters (and their troubles), a matriarch and elaborate Sunday dinners with extended family.

8. Ratatouille by Brad Bird and Jan Pinkava (2007)

Available here

A rat (cooking genius) and a garbage boy cook up succulent meals that reverse a hotel’s fortunes and touch the heart of a callous food critic. A movie that will have you reaching for the untouched recipe book.

9. The Chef by Jon Favreau (2014)

Available here

This movie is about a spiritual and culinary journey of a respected chef who loses his job in a fancy restaurant. He ends up with a food truck business where he focuses on creating simple and economical for the ordinary folk.

10. Tampopo by Jûzô Itami (1985)

Available here

A Western-styled Japanese movie with interconnected stories based on food. From the chef who dreams of his own noodle bar to his trucker aide, all the characters reveal their love for a hearty meal.

11. Babette’s Feast by Gabriel Axel (1987)

Available here

An Oscar winning Danish movie is about a French woman who holds a feast in the memory of a pastor-mentor after winning the lottery. The heart-warming story revolves around the preparation for the great banquet.

12. Mostly Martha by Sandra Nettelbeck (2001)

Available here

When the world of workaholic and demanding Martha collides with the avant-garde Mario, something’s gotta give. This German movie brings the clash between traditional and modern styles in the restaurant business to the fore.

If you’re looking for an American remake, then check out No Reservations (2007).

13. A Touch of Spice by Tassos Boulmetis (2003)

Available here

A touching story of a boy from Istanbul and his grandfather who teaches him to cook. When the chef’s return to his homeland 30 years later, will he find the missing spice in his life?

14. The Lunchbox by Ritesh Batra (2013)

Available here

A lonely widower, a neglected homemaker, and homemade lunches shared by mistake. This Indian movie portrays loneliness and life truths with food as a backdrop.

15. Waitress by Adrienne Shelley (2007)

Available here

Can the coming of a stranger and baking pies for a contest help you escape an unhappy marriage and a small town? Watch this flick about a pregnant waitress and her penchant for pie baking to find out.

16. The Trip by Michael Winterbottom (2010)

Available here

Fancy a trip as a food critic checking out eateries in Northern England for the Observer? Imagine travelling with a friend who shares your love for comic impressions.

If your enjoyed this, you’ll like the sequel The Trip to Italy (2014)

17. Chocolat by Lasse Hallstrom (2000)

Available here

A single mother with a young daughter opens a chocolate shop in a conservative French town. Set in the 1960s, the story has leading lady winning over the community with her cocoa based treats.

18. Julie & Julia by Nora Ephron (2009)

Available here

A movie with parallel stories based on real lives of renowned chef Julia Child and a blogger. Julie recreates each one of the chef’s recipes to turn her dreary life into something meaningful.

19. Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory by Mel Stuart (1971)

Available here

Dahl’s classic was first brought to life in 1971 and again in 2005 with Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. If you love the glitzy version, watch the Johnny Depp starrer. For a taste of pure entertainment, stick to the original.

20. Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs by Phil Lord and Chris Miller (2009)

Available here

When a genius scientist creates a machine to turn water into food, he isn’t really prepared for things that follow, includes food raining down the sky. A groovy animation for kids and adults alike. This one has got a sequel too.

21. I Am Love by Luca Guadagnino (2010)

Available here

An elegant and bored Russian wife of a powerful Milanese businessman falls for a young chef and his amazing creations. Life not only gets interesting but sets her up for a showdown.

To whet your appetite for more movies with food themes, check out this list.

Have these food movies increased your craving for a tasty snack?

Order from your neighbourhood takeaway joint, cook up some treats from your favourite recipe book, or better still, embark on a food tour!

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20 Traditional Christmas Foods Around the World

Have you ever wondered how people celebrate Christmas in other places?

Every country has its own traditional Christmas foods. Some celebrate in private while it becomes a community affair for others. Many of these activities are influenced by local customs and culture, particularly the food.

From Australia to Iceland, everyone give this festival a unique touch cooking traditional family recipes. From German Stollen to Cuban eggnogs, there are many delicacies prepared with care and served with love.
Discover some of these exotic treats with this guide on traditional Christmas foods across the world. You can add a new dish or two to your repertoire!

1. Australia – Pavlova

christmas food-10

Image Courtesy – Kimberly Vardeman

The warm and sunny weather in the southern hemisphere adds to the festive bonhomie. Traditional sweets include White Christmas slices made with copha or shortening and mixed fruit. Pavlova, a meringue dessert garnished with kiwi or strawberries, is enjoyed in both Australia and New Zealand. Main courses range from cold ham to mince pie.


2. Germany – Stollen

christmas food-12

Image Courtesy – Butaris


The tradition of Weihnachtsstollen baking goes back to the 15th century. The dried fruit cake contains walnuts, raisins, spices, rum, comes with a marzipan core and gets a sugar coating. Then there are foods like Lebkuchen, baked apples with walnut stuffing, cookies, and main course of various roast meats.

3. France – Bûche de Noël


Image Courtesy – Distoplandreamgirl

The chocolate yule log (Bûche de Noël) is synonymous with Xmas festivities in France. The traditional lunch includes venison, roast turkey, oysters, foie gras, goose and smoked salmon. In Provence district, home cooks prepare 13 different desserts representing Jesus and his chief disciples.


4. Italy – Pannettone

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Image Courtesy – Jacob Montrasio

Panettone is one of the main treats among Italian food served during the festive season. This tear-and-share sweet bread is a Christmas delicacy packed with sultanas, raisins, candied peel and fruits.

5. Greece – Baklava

christmas food-17

Image Courtesy – Navin75


Baklava is the favourite sweet in Greece for festive occasions. This filo pastry contains chopped nuts mixed with syrup sauce or sweet honey. Christmas meals includes dishes like roasted pork or lamb and Avgolemono, a chicken soup with rice and eggs.

6. Jamaica –  Fruit Rum Cake

christmas food-9

Image Courtesy – Unleashthebeauty


Fruit and rum cake is a big Christmas tradition in many countries and this Caribbean island is no exception. Dried fruit is soaked in rum and red wine for months before being baked. Other favourites include oxtail stew and goat curry.


7. Cuba – Majarete

christmas food-1

Image Courtesy –Paula Zaragoza

This corn-coconut milk pudding is a common festive treat in some South American and Caribbean nations. Majarete is made with corn, coconut milk, regular milk, vanilla, cinnamon and sugar. Suckling pig or Lechon asado, eggnog and turron are other holiday dishes.


8. Brazil – Ceia de Natal

christmas food-16

Image Courtesy – Mateus Waechter

This is a chicken or turkey roast with a difference as the meat is marinated in spices and champagne. Other Christmas dishes include roast pork, ham, codfish, pork loins, mousse and crème caramel.


9. Poland – Borscht

christmas food-11

Image Courtesy – Liz West

Poland has a unique tradition as beetroot soup, Borscht is served as a starter on
Christmas Eve which is a meat-free day. Dinner consists of 12 dishes for the 12 apostles, and includes pierogi, pickled herring, cabbage rolls and uszka (stuffed dumplings).


10. Russia/Belarus/Ukraine– Sochivo/Kutiya

christmas food-3

Image Courtesy – Iryna Yeroshko

Fasting on Christmas Eve is common in Russia, followed by serving of Sochivo. This porridge is made of rice or wheat, nuts fruits, seeds and honey.

11. Spain – Turron

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Image Courtesy – Javier Escribano

This popular Christmas dessert is a mixture of sugar, egg whites, almonds and honey. Other foods include dry-cured ham, Jamón, roasted meats, churros, and crumbly cakes.

12. Canada – Tourtiere

christmas food-6

Image Courtesy – Paul Brady

This mince pie flavoured with spices and apple cider is a popular meal among French-speaking Canadians. Christmas in this country is incomplete without an assortment of cookies, gingerbread, pudding, shortbread and roasted turkey.

13. Ethiopia – Doro Wat

christmas food-7

Image Courtesy – Garett

The North African country’s traditional Christmas foods include a slow-cooked chicken stew with chillies, garlic, berbere, ginger and cardamom. The dish is served along with boiled eggs.

14. South Africa – Malva Pudding

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Image Courtesy – Jonathan Lin

Holiday tradition involves grilled or roasted meats including beef, turkey or duck. Malva pudding, a sweet sponge cake is the favoured dessert. Other main dishes include mince pie and yellow rice with suckling pig and veggies.

15. India – Plum cake

christmas food

Image Courtesy – Jon Roberts

While there are other Xmas-specific foods including kulkuls (coconut cookies), rum-soaked fruit cakes occupy the pride of the omst famous Christmas food. Rum soaked cakes have many variants from plum cakes to the Allahabadi cake. You’ll find anything from dried fruits, spices and nuts to marmalade and ghee in these browned treats.

16. Philippines – Bibingka

christmas food-2

Image Courtesy – Kabayanmark Images

Whole roast suckling pig and ham are centrepieces of the holiday table. Other savouries include Edam cheese, Pancit (Noodle dish), Chorizo, and Kadereta (goat stew). Desserts include Bibingka, a cake made with rice flour, sugar, butter and coconut milk and Puto Bumbong made with purple rice, sugar and coconut.

17. Iceland – Laufabrauð

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Image Courtesy – Brian Suda

Families get together to make this crispy flatbread from thin dough sheets. The leaf bread is cut with a special tool into geometric patterns and deep fried. The leg of roast lamb occupies the centre spot on the Christmas table. Then there is wild grouse served with a tart-sweet berry sauce.

18. Denmark – Ris á la mande

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Image Courtesy – Katrine Thielke

Rice pudding is one of the traditional Christmas foods in Denmark. The ingredient list includes rice, milk, almonds, whipped cream and vanilla. Other treats include spherical pancakes, caramelised potatoes, and roast pork or duck.

19. Norway – Julekake

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Image Courtesy – Rich Renomeron

Along with sausages and ribs, cakes and cookies are the mainstay of Christmas meals in Norway. Julekake is a sweet bread with cardamom, candied peel and raisins. Wafer cookies, Krumkakes and moulded ginger cookies, Peculaas are other desserts served during the festive season.

20. Sweden – Julbord

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Image Courtesy – Evelina Ander

Julbord is the main feast on Christmas Eve. This is basically a buffer with assorted foods like cold meats, pickles, cheese and cold fish. The star of the buffet is undoubtedly Julskinka – boiled and crisp-roasted ham. No Christmas celebration is complete without saffron buns.

Have you tasted any of these traditional Christmas foods? Share your favourite holiday dish with us!

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Big Fat List Of Steamed Dumplings Across The Globe

Travel across the planet and you’ll find one common dish — crunchy or delicate pockets with spicy or sweet goodness. There is nothing more pleasurable than biting into a delicious dumpling – the fillings and gooey juices combine to create unique flavours.

According to food researchers, most dumplings trace their origins to China and Silk Trade Route. Fillings come encased in different leavened and unleavened dough wraps, with diverse folding techniques, and cooked in varied ways. How do you choose dumplings for a list like this one?

We have focused on steamed dumplings from different countries. From purse to boat shaped dumplings, you’ll find a vegetarian or meaty delight that satisfies the most capricious of foodies! Let’s start our journey to the world of dumplings, and begin with their motherland:

1. China

Char Siu Bao

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For a barbecue and dumpling hybrid, look no further than this dim sum from Canton province. Barbecued pork is stuffed into dough buns and steamed to create a unique dumpling combo.

Image source: Joyosity


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Culinary art meets a hungry Chinese food fan in this boat shaped dumpling with rice dough wrapping. Fill them with cabbage, pork and/or veggies and savour them steamed, boiled or pan fried with some dark soy sauce or peanut sauce.

Image source: Hajime Nakano

Xiao Long Bao

china dumpling-2

Minced pork or pork-and-crab are covered with wheat dough wrappers. The dumpling edges are pleated in a swirled bun shape and steamed. The cooking process releases a savoury and rich broth for added flavour.

Image source: Haynes

Zheng Jiao

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The delicate dumplings come in translucent wrappers which get their stretchy character from gelatin. The fillings can be anything from pork and cabbage to shrimp, chives and other vegetables.

Image source: Exilekiss

Har Gow

Chunks of shrimp encased in a thin wheat and tapioca based wrapper makes a Har Gow. Sometimes bits of pork are used for added effect.

china dumpling-1

Image source: RosieTulips

Chiu-Chao Fun Gor (Teochew)

These moon-shaped, steamed dumplings are a bit different from other Chinese varieties. The wheat and tapioca wrapper contains filling combos of mushroom, radish, pork, chives, shrimp, peanuts, jicama and cilantro.


Image source: boo_licious

Siu Mai


The wheat flour wrapper is open on the top in this version of juicy dim sum. Fillings include shrimp, pork and other meat. Siu Mai is often topped with grated carrot or fish roe.

Image source: eLjeProks

2. South Korea


steamed dumplings-3

These circular and crescent shaped dumplings are popular street foods. If you love kimchi (fermented vegetables), you’ll enjoy the steamed dumpling version as well. Other steamed and boiled versions use pork and different meat fillings.

Image source: Charles Haynes

3. Poland


polish dumpling

This sweet bun-like dumpling is made with unleavened dough that is steamed on a linen cloth over boiling water. Sweet ones are sometimes filled with melted butter, sugar and cinnamon. Savoury ones contain roasted pork or sweet-sour fried cabbage.

Image source: Nerel

4. Slovakia

Buchty na Pare


Parena Knedla is an egg and flour- based side dish. It is eaten like plain, steamed bun rather than as a stuffed pocket. But this changes with addition of stuffing like plum or other fruit jams. The resultant dish, Buchty na Pare, is served with a topping of ground walnuts, poppy seeds and sugar

Image source: Yidian Cheow

5. Trinidad and Tabago, Dominican Republic



The cornmeal dumpling is one of the few that aren’t round shaped. A close cousin of tamale, these spiced vegetable and meat (usually pork and beef) filled delicacies are steamed and served in banana leaves.

Image source: Checkmihlyrics

6. North India, Tibet, Nepal



Find inner peace and contentment with these dumplings from Nepal and Tibet. A good momo will have an ultra-thin cover with delicious juices from sauces, veggies and meat (buffalo, yak) dying to ooze out. Stuff anything from mushrooms and cabbage to pork and enjoy.

Image source: Areta Ekarafi

7. India



The teardrop or garlic pod-shaped dumpling is usually prepared for an Indian religious festival. The raw rice flour wrapper enhances the sweet taste of the jaggery and coconut filling.

Image source: Divya Kudua

(Tamil Nadu)


While the sweet version resembles Modak in shape and taste, the savoury version with a rice dough wrapper has a unique taste. The stuffing is usually cooked red beans/Azuki or black-eyed peas mixed with salt, sesame seeds, curry leaves and grated coconut.

Image source: Go Dakshin

8. Mexico, South and Central America



Tamale is to Mexicans what dim sum is to Chinese. Made with cornmeal wrappings, these steamed dumplings have meat, cheese, vegetable or tuber fillings.

Image source: Aaron

9. Hawaii



These steamed beef buns are a close cousin of the Chinese Baozi. Chicken mushroom, beef, ube or purple yam, pork hash are common fillings encased in a leavened dough wrap.

Image source: Grenade

10. Hong Kong


dumplings soup

Square or circular wrappers with vegetables, shrimp or meat are steamed or boiled before they are set in a tasty and spiced up broth soup. Some steamed wontons can be eaten on their own or with egg noodles.

Image source: Tom Eats

11. Thailand

Sticky Rice Dumpling


The oval or square shaped, chewy dumpling – khao tom mat has sticky rice serving as a wrap. The fillings can be sweet or savoury. Sweet ones contain coconut and sweet banana fillings. Spiced up dumplings with mung beans and lard are served with sauce and fried shallots.

Image source: Takeaway


12. Turkey, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan



A gift of Mongols and Turkish nomads, this dumpling is popular all over Central Asia. Each country has its own style of preparing mantu which is then steamed, boiled or baked. Turkey and Armenia are famous for boat-shaped baked manti while the Stan countries prefer round-shaped steamed ones.

The egg and flour-based wrapper contains lamb or beef meat filling enhanced with local spices. You have rare veggie versions with squash and potatoes. These are topped with tomato sauce or served with yoghurt, lentil sauce or chilli oil.

Image source: Rubber Slippers in Italy

13. Vietnam

Bahn Bot Loc


This chewy dumpling has shrimp and pork parts encased in thin tapioca wrapping. The wrapper is sometimes covered banana leaves or folded in a purse or crescent shape before steaming. Vietnam cuisine has other Bnah varieties including a tapioca –based dessert dumpling (Che Bot Loc).

Image source: Kirk K

Banh It Tran


The glutinous rice dough wrapper encases a savoury filling made with cooked mung beans, shrimp and spices. The crescent shaped dumpling is steamed before serving with spicy soy sauce and fried scallions.

Image source: Van’s Kitchen



stemaed dumplings 9

This popular street food is nothing but steamed fish dumpling with rice flour wrapping. It is often served with peanut sauce and vegetables.

Image source: Zoyachubby

15. Philippines



This Chinese-inspired steamed dumpling has a leavened, rice dough wrapper with a sweetish taste. Spiced chicken is the common filling but you’ll find shredded pork versions.

Image source: Mia

16. Mongolia



Mongolian steamed dumplings use wheat or a mix of flours like barley, buckwheat and barley as dough wrapper. Buuz is filled with mutton, other meats, garlic, onions and local herbs.

Image source: Marco Fieber


17. Nepal



These steamed sweet buns with a symbolic triangular shape are made on festive occasions. The wrap is made with rice flour and encloses a rich filling of sesame seeds, coconut, and chakku or molasses.

Image source: Ritesh Man Tamrakar

Which of these dumplings will you be trying next? Have we missed out on steamed dumplings in this list?

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All About Turmeric: Health Benefits & More

This unassuming rhizome, with a distinct golden-yellow trial, is the toast of the food world in 2016.

When turmeric latte (golden milk) is found on café menus and gets a massive following globally, you realise something important as an Asian. Your grandma and mom sure knew a thing or two, when they forced to drink your turmeric-milk all those years ago.

Turmeric, a member of the ginger family, isn’t entirely unfamiliar to the Western world. The scientific community and herbalists have been aware of its healing and medicinal properties for decades.

If you love your curries, then you’ve been reaping health dividends with this powerhouse root. Used in traditional cooking in many Asian countries, turmeric is also an important healing ingredient in Ayurveda.

Curcumin, which gives turmeric its rich colour, is considered an important weapon in the fight against life threatening illnesses. With over 3000 documented studies and numerous health benefits, turmeric is not your average culinary spice.

If you’re serious about weight loss, add a dash of fresh turmeric, preferably the root, to different dishes; from smoothies and soups to cookies, curries and multigrain breads. To speed up the absorption of curcumin by the body, add piperine rich foods like white and black pepper to turmeric-based recipes.


Turmeric is a powerful antioxidant. Curcumin, the active compound, is a polyphenol that can reverse the effects of oxidation and reduce free radicals in the body. What’s more, it boosts the production of antioxidant enzymes in your body, and may delay aging.

Turmeric provides protection and relief for dental health. Turmeric can be used as mouth wash to improve oral health. Gel and fillers containing turmeric can help treat periodontal diseases. 

 – Turmeric is a strong anti-inflammatory agent. While short-term inflammation protects you from disease-causing pathogens, long-term inflammation leads to chronic diseases. Turmeric inhibits inflammation molecules and offers protection against cancer, arthritis, heart disease and degenerative conditions.

 – Curcumin may enable weight loss. Curcumin can turn white fat (bad fat) cells into brown (good) fat cells, and help you in the battle against bulge. The inflammatory properties of turmeric can reduce obesity.

 – Turmeric has detoxifying properties. You can use turmeric to cleanse your organs of harmful waste, improve liver and gut health and promote better digestion. Have an eggplant curry or cinnamon-laced turmeric latte instead of processed foods and sugary drinks.

 – Turmeric is good for the brain. Decreased levels of brain hormone BDNF can lead to depression and cognitive degradations like Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Turmeric prevent this from happening and improves cognitive abilities like memory by increasing the levels of this growth hormone.

 – Turmeric provides relief from menstrual cramps and pelvic pain. By stimulating both pain and pleasure receptors, turmeric can provide relief from sever menstrual cramps.

 -Turmeric can prevent heart disease. In addition to tackling chronic inflammation, curcumin also helps in proper functioning of lining in blood vessels. This can help regulate blood pressure and prevent many forms of heart disease.

– Turmeric consumption can help prevent cancers. It can reduce growth of tumours, kill cancer cells and prevent them from spreading to other organs.

While turmeric comes loaded with vital health factors, moderation is the key. There is something like herb overload, and turmeric is no exception.

Stay away from high dosages of turmeric and curcumin supplements to avoid side effects like diarrhoea, liver disorders, uterine contraction during pregnancy, and hair loss.

We are not medical professionals and provide this material for your information only. Please do your own research or consult your doctor.

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Tomato Festival in Spain in Pictures (La Tomatina)

Most of the festivals around the world involve harmless fun and bonhomie, despite the huge crowds they draw. If you want to experience the blood splattered look of a war zone, or simply improve your target practice, you’ll feel right at home in Buñol in August. This town in Eastern Spain plays host to the sauciest and juiciest food festival in the world – La Tomatina – the tomato throwing festival. (more…)

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